Day care, schooling & family

Living in Europe | Day care, schooling & family related issues | Bulgaria


The public education system includes kindergartens (detska gradina), schools and education services. Bulgarian is the official language in kindergartens. There are state, municipal and private kindergartens. The state kindergartens are regarded as being of national importance and therefore are directly funded by the central authorities, the Ministry of Education and Science or other ministries and bodies. The municipal kindergartens may be opened, transformed or closed upon an order issued by the mayor of the municipality following a decision of the Municipal Council. The funds for Education and Care in Early Childhood (ECEC) provision for the municipal kindergartens are allocated at local level by municipalities. Private nurseries (detska yasla – for children from 10 months to 3 years old) and kindergartens are not subsidized from the public funds.

Another opportunity is to hire a babysitter. You can search suitable babysitters according to your criteria on the website:

To orientate for their situation you could search them on the map:


The Bulgarian constitution states that everyone, including citizens of the EU and the EEA, who are living and working in the country, shall have the right to free education in state and municipal schools.

Education in Bulgaria is overseen by the Ministry of Education and Science Full-time education is mandatory for all children from 7 to 16 years of age and the language of instruction at schools is Bulgarian. The school year in Bulgaria starts on September 15 and finishes in late May or early June, depending on the grade level of the students. The school year is divided into two terms (September - January, February – May/June) with three holidays - Christmas, Easter and summer. The school curriculum includes the following subjects: Bulgarian language and literature, foreign languages, mathematics, information technology, social sciences, natural sciences and ecology, music and art, physical education and sport. The grading system is based on numbers where 6 (excellent) is the highest and 2 (poor) is the lowest. Passing grades 3 through 6 and 2 denotes a failure. Home schooling is not permitted by law.

Admission to primary schools (grades I-VIII) is without entrance examinations, except for some specialized public and private schools. Admission to Profile oriented secondary schools and to language schools is after the successful completion of grades 7 or 8 and sitting examsdepending on the profile of the professional school (Bulgarian language and literature, Mathematics etc.). For school enrolment besides personal documents an original transcript issued by the previous school, accompanied by an official translation into Bulgarian must be presented.


The Bulgarian educational system consists of four levels:

PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION (optional) age level: from 3 to 6/7

BASIC EDUCATION (mandatory) grades I – VIII - Certificate

SECONDARY EDUCATION or Gimnasium - grades VII/VIII – XII/XIII - Diploma of Secondary Education


The schools, which offer foreign-language education, are mostly the private schools, the language high schools and those with extended education of foreign language.

The school education is free for foreigners with permanent stay in the country, accepted with an act of the Council of Ministries or accepted according to intergovernmental agreements, regulating this issue. The rest of the foreigners are accepted in Bulgarian schools and pay for their education in compliance with the Bulgarian legislation and the acts of the Minister of education.